Cutting Edge Technologies

Hello and Welcome, Readers!

I’ll explain cutting-edge technology in this tutorial along with various examples and applications.

Cutting-edge technology is a high-level technology development to provide high-speed communication and data transmission.

The term “cutting-edge technology” is vague and frequently used in marketing contexts. The meaning of “cutting edge” is the most advanced stage of advancement in a specific field of activity.

Here are some cutting-edge technologies in the communication and network fields:

  • Cellular Communication
  • Satellite Communication
  • Global Positioning System
  • Bluetooth

Mobile devices, such as cell phones, serve as the sending and receiving devices in cellular communication.

As mobile users move from cell to cell, their conversation is transferred to the appropriate cell in order to maintain reliable connectivity. Cells are basic geographic service areas produced by a network of radio wave transmitters known as radio towers.

A cell is a network that provides service to a relatively small region; these cells are connected to form a cellular network, which offers radio coverage over a considerable geographic area.

Cellular networks’ main characteristics are:

  • greater capacity compared to a single
  • extensive transmitter
  • decreased energy use on the client side
  • greater than a single coverage area

Cellular Communication Diagram

Cellular Communication Diagram

In the figure above, a tower has been set up in a region or a particular location, and every mobile phone or cell phone used in that area is getting signals from this tower.

Each tower has a unique frequency that is used to link mobile phones or cell phones to one another.

Consider a scenario in which one tower is placed in a certain Region X and another is placed in a distant Region Y.

Since they are separated by some distance, the towers do not interfere with one another.

For instance, a CEO of an office can only apply his company’s policies; hence he is only able to do so within that organization.

These characteristics are also present in these towers, thus the mobile phone or the area it occupies under other towers is not interfered with.

The tower is known as the base station and the region under it is the cell.

Communication Satellite

What is Satellite:-


A satellite is a rotating object that travels along a predetermined path, often known as an orbit.

One of the better examples of this is our solar system, which revolves around the sun and moves through a natural system; all of the planets are therefore satellites of the sun.

The moon, which is a satellite of the earth, rotates around the earth.

When discussing satellite communication, artificial satellites are involved.

An artificial satellite, often known as a man-made satellite, is a communication spacecraft that orbits the planet.

A man-made earth satellite that makes it easier to communicate through radio and television.

We can understand its meaning in the way that it sends and receives information in the form of signals. An example of this is the telephone lines.

 For example, when a person makes a telephone call from one country to another country, it goes to the satellite in the form of information signals, from which the satellite receives it and then transmits it to its destination at that particular place.

Types of Satellite

There are two distinct kinds of satellites:

  1. Passive satellite
  2. Active Satellite

Passive satellite:-

It is a satellite with no other purpose other than to receive and send the signal. Not included are:

  • Amplifying does not
  • Do not reshape
  • Neither regenerates

Simply put, it merely receives the information and sends it on.

The Moon is the best illustration of this. A naturally occurring satellite of the Earth is the Moon.

Active Satellite:-

It is a man-made satellite that does the following in addition to receiving and transmitting the signal:

  • Doing an amplifier
  • reshaping
  • Regenerating does.

Satellite Communication Diagram

Satellite Communication Diagram

Above is a graphical presentation of satellite communication, in which two countries’ ground stations are sending signals that the satellite is receiving.

 Now the satellite changes the frequency of the received signal and tunes it to the earth station of the other country, through which the signal is received on the ground.

Global Positioning System

When a human traveled on a ship in ancient times, the magnetic compass was used to determine the direction. Chinese inventors were the first to develop the magnetic compass.

The magnetic Compass used to be very big, but as technology advanced, it eventually reduced to the size of our pocket watch.

Even in the modern world, we use our mobile phones’ “Global Positioning System” (abbreviated “GPS”) navigation to find our way around in our cars throughout routine daily activities. If we need to figure out the route for a car trip, we utilize GPS. In furthermore, if the car is stolen, GPS can be used to find the stolen car. 

Global Positioning System Diagram

Global Positioning System Diagram
  1. The most effective satellite navigation system is GPS.
  2. There are twenty-four of its satellites orbiting the earth in total.
  3. We may also use them to determine the time and location on Earth.
  4. And the US Department of Defense launched it in the 1970s.
  5. They employed it for military navigation on land, at sea, and in the air.
  6. The general public was then made aware of it starting in the late 1990s.
  7. GPS was used to track the weather as well as track time and location.
  8. And you can do this around the clock, wherever in the world.
  9. A satellite moving at 7,000 miles per hour is orbiting the earth.
  10. Approximately 500 miles distance a satellite from the earth’s surface.


  • For data exchange over shorter distances, Bluetooth is a wireless Local Area Network (LAN) technology.
  • There is no infrastructure required for Bluetooth, which has a 10m area of coverage.
  • One type of ad-hoc network is Bluetooth.
  • Bluetooth networking is less efficient and has a smaller coverage area than WIFI.
  • It applies FHSS with 1600 hops as happing rate.
  • Generally, communication speed is less than 1Mbps.

Advantages of Bluetooth

  • simple to use
  • Affordable cost.
  • Technology using wireless.
  • used to send voice and data without the internet.

Disadvantages of Bluetooth

  • simple to use
  • Affordable cost.
  • Technology using wireless.
  • used to send voice and data without the internet.

Examples of Cutting Edge Technologies

  1. Solar Energy/Fuel.
  2. 2D to 3D Converting Device.
  3. Streaming Game Technology.
  4. Social Television.
  5. 3D Metal Printing.
  6. Computer vision solutions.
  7. Six-Core Processors.
  8. Deep Data Mining.
  9. Babel Fish Earbuds.
  10. Snake Robots.
  11. Floating Nuclear Power plants.
  12. Atmospheric Energy.
  13. Blockchain Technology.
  14. Space-Based Solar Energy.
  15. Nano-technology
  16. Neural Interfaces.
  17. Engineered Stem Cells.
  18. Quantum Teleportation.
  19. Homomorphic Encryption.
  20. 3D Multi-Sensor Transmitters.
  21. 5G Technology.
  22. At-Home Digital Diagnostics.
  23. Conversational AI.
  24. Rapid Virus Testing.
  25. Proactive linear planning.
  26. Last-mile delivery improvements.

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