Microteaching Example: A Step-by-Step Guide

Microteaching is a teaching method that gives instructors the chance to improve their delivery techniques in a safe and encouraging setting. It involves teaching a small group of students for a short duration, focusing on specific teaching skills and techniques. Through microteaching, teachers can receive valuable feedback and work on areas that require improvement. In order to improve their overall efficiency in the classroom, this strategy is advantageous for both new and experienced educators. It enables them to experiment with various teaching ideas and methods.

 In this article, we’re going to explore some fun microteaching examples together. We’ll learn what microteaching is, why it’s so great, and even discover a few tricks and challenges along the way. Get ready for an adventure in teaching!

Are you ready to unlock your teaching powers and become the best teacher ever? Let’s dive into the world of microteaching examples and discover the secrets to being a classroom superhero!

  1. A safe and encouraging environment is provided by the microteaching method, which enables teachers to develop their classroom management abilities. It involves teaching a small group of students for a short duration, focusing on specific teaching techniques and receiving valuable feedback.


  1. Microteaching combines small-scale teaching, skill development, and feedback to enhance teaching effectiveness. It provides a conducive environment for practice & observation, allowing teachers to experiment with different teaching ideas and methods.


  1. Microteaching examples include activities such as fraction lessons with manipulatives, word problem solving, multiple strategies for multiplication, summarizing key points from texts, and essay organization with graphic organizers. These examples demonstrate the versatility of microteaching in developing specific teaching skills.


  1. Additional microteaching techniques include role-playing, simulation, mini-lessons, video recording, one-minute teaching, and case studies. These techniques offer practical ways to enhance teaching skills and engage students in the learning process.


  1. The purpose of microteaching is twofold: to help individual teachers develop or modify specific teaching skills through immediate feedback & to contribute to overall instructional improvement by fostering effective teaching skills among educators.


  1. Microteaching sessions have specific characteristics, including real teaching with a small group of students, short duration, clear objectives, limited teaching skills to practice, individualized instruction, immediate feedback, and opportunities for behavior modification through repeated practice.


  1. Prerequisites for effective microteaching include stimulus variation, set induction, fluency in questioning, recognizing attending behavior, effective lecturing, nonverbal cues, completing the communication cycle, probing questions, reinforcing learning, illustrating with examples, planned repetition, & closure techniques.


  1. The steps involved in the microteaching process include unveiling teaching skills, crafting teaching masterpieces with concise objectives, delivering the lesson, reviewing the recorded session, refining teaching skills based on feedback, redoing the lesson, and reflecting on the teaching performance.


  1. Microteaching offers advantages such as real classroom experience, skill development, objective assessment through video recordings, self-assessment opportunities, low-stakes practice, focused skill practice, immediate feedback, collaborative learning, and improved confidence in teaching.


  1. Microteaching also has drawbacks, such as the need for expensive resources like video equipment, time restrictions, a lack of resources in simulated environments, stage fright or nervousness, difficulty in receiving feedback, and the difficulty in applying newly learned skills in actual classroom settings.


Educators may hone their teaching abilities, raise student engagement, and produce memorable learning experiences by embracing microteaching and putting its strategies to use.

Meaning of Microteaching

Microteaching is the combination of the words “micro” ➡️ small and “teaching” ➡️ giving knowledge and instruction. It is a teaching approach where educators practice their teaching skills in a reduced-scale environment.

Combining these elements, microteaching can be understood as:

Microteaching = Small-Scale Teaching + Skill Development + Feedback

In this equation:

  1. Small-Scale Teaching refers to conducting lessons with a limited no. of students, creating a conducive environment for practice and observation.
  2. Skill Development signifies the purpose of microteaching, which is to improve specific teaching skills and strategies.
  3. Feedback is an essential component of microteaching, as it provides valuable insights and suggestions for growth and improvement.

What is Microteaching?

Microteaching is a way of teaching that happens in a small and controlled setting. The word “micro” means small, and “teaching” means giving knowledge plus instruction.


So, microteaching is like teaching in a mini version. It entails imparting a brief lesson to a select group of students for only a few minutes, on average.


In microteaching, teachers focus on practicing specific teaching skills and getting feedback to improve. They plan their lessons carefully and teach them to a small group of students. This helps them become better teachers by learning from their experiences and making adjustments. Microteaching allows teachers to try different teaching methods and get better at what they do.


In general, microteaching is an opportunity for teachers or educators to improve and polish their instructional techniques in a constrained setting. It helps them become more effective educators and provide better learning experiences for their students.


 According to Allen (1996) microteaching is defined as: a teacher education technique that allows teachers to apply well-defined teaching skills to a planned series of encounters with real classroom students, often with the opportunity to observe and videotape their performance.

Concept of Microteaching

At its core, the concept of microteaching revolves around equipping both experienced and inexperienced teachers with the art plus techniques of effective teaching. By employing a scaled-down teaching method, microteaching simplifies the complexities of a standard classroom, enabling teachers to concentrate on specific skills and improve their overall teaching prowess.

Microteaching sessions can take various forms, including online presentations, in-person demonstrations, or recorded lessons. These sessions are typically delivered to peers, mentors, or small groups of students (pupils). The essence of microteaching lies in the ability of aspiring teachers to assess their own performance & receive constructive feedback, facilitating continuous improvement and growth.

Microteaching Examples

Microteaching Example

Microteaching, a powerful tool in teacher training, offers aspiring educators the opportunity to refine their teaching abilities through focused practice and feedback. By conducting mini-lessons in a controlled environment, teachers can target specific skills and promote student engagement. Let’s delve into some well-defined microteaching sessions that incorporate various teaching strategies.

Fraction Fun with Manipulatives:

  1. Introducing the concept of fractions and their types.
  2. Using manipulatives like blocks or cookies for visual representation.
  3. Encouraging students to create their own fractions for hands-on learning.

Mastering Word Problem Solving:

  1. Selecting an appropriate word problem and guiding students step-by-step.
  2. Demonstrating the problem-solving process while explaining reasoning.
  3. Offering students a similar problem to solve independently.
  1. Multiplying with Multiple Strategies:
  2. Illustrating multiplication of two-digit numbers using diverse approaches.
  3. Demonstrating traditional algorithms, place value blocks, and mental math.
  4. Providing practice problems to reinforce understanding using different strategies.

Summarizing Key Points from Texts:

  1. Conducting a mini-lesson on summarization techniques.
  2. Modeling how to identify main points, supporting details, and conclusions.
  3. Assigning a text for students to independently summarize using the learned skills.

 Essay Organization with Graphic Organizers:

  1. Presenting various graphic organizers to aid essay planning and organization.
  2. Guiding students in utilizing graphic organizers for structuring their essays.
  3. Assigning an essay topic and requiring students to plan using a graphic organizer.

These examples showcase the versatility of microteaching sessions in developing specific teaching skills. When selecting a session, consider the topic’s relevance, students’ proficiency level, and the desired skills to be practiced. Through deliberate practice and reflection, microteaching empowers educators to refine their instructional techniques and create impactful learning experiences.

Some Additional Examples of Microteaching Techniques:

To delve deeper into the practical aspect of microteaching, let’s explore specific microteaching examples:


Engage participants in the role of students while you practice delivering a lesson or material. Encourage feedback and critique from the group to improve your delivery and interaction skills.


Create a simulated classroom scenario to practice delivering a lesson. This can be done with or without real students, allowing you to enhance your planning, delivery, classroom management, and student response skills.


Deliver short, focused lessons on specific topics or skills to a small group of students. This allows you to refine your delivery, assess effectiveness, and develop strategies to improve student understanding.

Video recording:

Record yourself delivering a lesson or presenting material to review your performance. Focus on elements such as body language, pacing, and tone of voice to enhance your presentation skills and student engagement.

One-minute teaching:

Challenge yourself to deliver a brief, concise lesson within a one-minute timeframe. This fast-paced exercise helps refine your lesson planning, delivery, and communication skills in a high-pressure environment.

Case studies:

Utilize real or fictional case studies to teach a lesson or present material. This approach promotes students’ critical thinking and problem-solving abilities by encouraging them to apply theoretical ideas to actual contexts.

Purpose of Microteaching:

Microteaching serves two primary purposes. Firstly, it assists individual teachers in developing or modifying specific teaching skills through immediate feedback. Secondly, it contributes to instructional improvement by fostering the development of effective teaching skills among teachers.

Characteristics of Microteaching:

Microteaching exhibits the following characteristics:

  1. Real teaching focused on developing teaching skills, involving a small group of 5-10 students.
  2. Duration of 5-10 minutes per session.
  3. Small topic with a few clear objectives.
  4. Limited number of teaching skills to be practiced.
  5. Highly individualized instruction.
  6. Provides immediate feedback.
  7. Offers opportunities for behavior modification through repeated practice.

Prerequisites for Microteaching:

  1. To engage in microteaching effectively, several prerequisites should be considered:
  1. Stimulus variation: Maintain learners’ attention at a high level.
  2. Set induction: Develop rapport between students and teachers to motivate student engagement.
  3. Fluency in questioning: Use higher cognitive levels, such as comprehension, application, analysis, and synthesis, in questioning techniques.
  4. Recognizing attending behavior: Observe students’ verbal and nonverbal responses to the learning situation.
  5. Lecturing: Deliver confident and organized presentations with clear, simple, and audible voice.
  6. Nonverbal cues: Employ teacher behaviors that encourage active student participation, such as giving smiles or nodding as positive rewards.
  7. Completing the communication: Master the skill of following through the full cycle of communication.
  8. Probing questions: Develop the skill of asking questions that invite students to provide further clarification or expand on their answers.
  9. Reinforcing learning: Praise students for correct responses to reinforce their learning.
  10. Illustrating with examples: Provide relevant examples that relate to students’ experiences.
  11. Planned repetition: Focus on highlighting the main points and provide progressive summaries.
  12. Closure: Utilize techniques that help learners connect new knowledge with existing knowledge.

Steps for Microteaching

The process for microteaching:

The following steps are involved in the microteaching process:

Step 1: Unveiling Teaching Skills

Let the journey begin by identifying the specific teaching skills that hold the key to growth and refinement. Explore the realm of possibilities and embark on a quest to develop and modify these skills.

Step 2: Crafting Teaching Masterpieces

With passion and purpose, craft a concise set of objectives that breathe life into your teaching. Paint a vivid picture of what can be achieved within the magical timeframe of 5-10 minutes. Carefully select captivating content, engaging teaching-learning methods, and captivating media to enchant your students.

Step 3: The Grand Performance

It’s showtime! Step into the spotlight and unleash your teaching prowess. Engage a small group of eager students as you gracefully deliver the lesson. Let the eyes of your teacher supervisor and peers be upon you, witnessing your enchanting performance. Capture this magical moment using the lens of a video recorder, preserving the essence of the teaching-learning interaction.

Step 4: Unveiling the Magic

Prepare to be captivated as you play back the recorded microteaching session. Dive deep into this treasure trove of knowledge, accompanied by your supervisor, peers, and your own reflective spirit. Embrace the strengths observed, and shed light on areas that yearn for improvement. Through objective discussion, let the transformative power of feedback guide your path.

Step 5: The Art of Reimagining

Armed with newfound wisdom and insights, let your creative spirit soar as you reimagine the lesson. Incorporate the identified teaching skills and embrace the feedback received. Craft a revised lesson plan that dances with perfection and holds the promise of growth.

Step 6: Encore, Encore!

Return to the stage with renewed vigor and implement your revised lesson plan. Embrace the opportunity for repetition, honing your skills and embracing the joy of improved teaching techniques. Let each performance build upon the last, paving the way for greatness.

Step 7: The Symphony of Reflection

Once again, let the recorded teaching act take center stage. Replay this symphony of teaching, allowing for further observation and constructive criticism. Embrace the spirit of growth as you engage in meaningful discussions, building upon the foundation laid in previous steps.

Microteaching Session Involves:

A microteaching session revolves around the 5 R’s:

  1. Recording: Unleash the power of visuals as you capture the essence of your teaching session. Let the camera bear witness to your magic, immortalizing your performance for reflection and growth.
  2. Reviewing: Dive into the tapestry of your recorded teaching act. Analyze each thread, celebrating the strengths that shimmer and identifying areas in need of improvement. Let this reflection be your guide.
  3. Responding: Engage in soul-stirring discussions, where feedback becomes a catalyst for growth. Embrace the transformative power of feedback, fueling your journey of self-improvement.
  4. Refining: With the wisdom bestowed upon you, refine your teaching skills and techniques. Incorporate the feedback like precious gems, polishing your craft to perfection.
  5. Redoing: Return to the stage with renewed vigor and passion. Let the refined skills and approaches take flight, as you bask in the joy of progress. Each redo holds the promise of further practice and improvement.

Ignite the Magic of Microteaching: Where Passion Meets Growth

These enchanting steps weave a tapestry of teaching excellence. Discover the transformative power of microteaching, where passion and growth intertwine. Embrace the journey, letting emotions and fun fuel your professional path. Unleash the magic within you, as you guide students towards the pinnacle of learning.

Advantages of Microteaching

There are many advantages to microteaching, including:

  1. Experience in a real classroom: By holding microteaching sessions in a real classroom environment, teachers build confidence in managing comparable circumstances in the future.
  2. Skill development: Microteaching allows for focused development of identified teaching skills, enabling teachers to refine their instructional techniques.
  3. Objective assessment: Video recordings of the teaching act provide supervisors and peers with a more objective basis for assessment, eliminating the reliance on memory recall.
  4. Self-assessment: Video recordings also enable student teachers to assess their own teaching performance, promoting self-reflection and growth.
  5. Low stakes: Conducted in a low-stress environment, microteaching allows teachers to make mistakes, receive feedback, and build confidence without the pressure of a real classroom setting.
  6. Focused practice: Microteaching activities concentrate on specific concepts or skills, enabling teachers to target areas for improvement effectively.
  7. Immediate feedback: Teachers receive immediate feedback on their teaching skills, helping them identify strengths and areas that require further development. Constructive feedback plays a crucial role in enhancing educational practices.
  8. Collaborative learning: Microteaching often involves collaboration and discussion with peers, allowing teachers to gain additional support and perspectives as they refine their skills.
  9. Improved confidence: Regular practice and refinement of teaching skills through microteachingactivities can significantly boost teachers’ confidence in the classroom. As they receive feedback, make adjustments, and witness their progress, teachers develop a stronger sense of self-assurance in their teaching abilities.

Limitations of Microteaching

While microteaching offers significant advantages, it also has some limitations, including:

  1. Costly resources: The provision of video cameras or recording equipment can be expensive, limiting its accessibility in certain settings.
  2. Time constraints: Incorporating microteaching activities into busy schedules can be challenging for teachers. Finding dedicated time for practice sessions may require careful planning and prioritization.
  3. Limited resources: Simulated environments used in microteaching may not offer the same resources and materials as a real classroom. Teachers must adapt and make the best use of available resources during their practice sessions.
  4. Nervousness: Some teachers may feel nervous or self-conscious when presenting their lessons in front of others. Overcoming stage fright and gaining comfort in delivering lessons can take time and practice.
  5. Difficulty receiving feedback: Accepting and incorporating feedback from peers and instructors, particularly if it is critical or negative, can be challenging for some teachers. Developing an open mindset and embracing constructive criticism are essential for growth.
  6. Lack of realism: Simulated or controlled environments in microteaching may not fully replicate the complexities and dynamics of real classrooms. Transferring learned skills and strategies from microteaching sessions to actual teaching settings may require additional adaptation.



In conclusion, microteaching is an effective teaching strategy that enables instructors to develop their instructional techniques in a secure setting. Teachers can concentrate on particular abilities and get helpful feedback for development and improvement through brief teaching sessions with a small number of students. Microteaching is beneficial for both new and experienced teachers, enabling them to experiment with different teaching ideas and methods.

Throughout this article, we have explored various microteaching examples, including fraction fun with manipulatives, mastering word problem solving, multiplying with multiple strategies, summarizing key points from texts, and essay organization with graphic organizers. These examples showcase the versatility of microteaching in developing specific teaching skills and creating impactful learning experiences.

Remember, becoming a great teacher is like unlocking your teaching powers and becoming a classroom superhero. Microteaching is your secret weapon to refine your instructional techniques and create magical moments of learning.

As you embark on your microteaching journey, keep in mind the advantages it offers, such as gaining real classroom experience, focused skill development, objective assessment, and collaborative learning. Embrace the immediate feedback, low-stress environment, and opportunities for self-assessment and growth.

Although there are several drawbacks to microteaching, including the need for resources, time restraints, anxiety, and difficulty obtaining feedback, these difficulties may be addressed with commitment, practise, and an open mind.

So, dear educators, ignite the magic of microteaching where passion meets growth. Embrace the journey with emotions and fun, and let the magic within you guide students towards the pinnacle of learning. Remember, you have the power to become an extraordinary teacher. Together, let’s create a world where every teacher shines like a superhero in the classroom!

FAQs- MicroTeaching Example

What is an example of macro teaching?

 Macro teaching refers to teaching a large group of students in a traditional classroom setting. A professor giving a lecture to a class of 50 students is an instance of macro teaching because the goal is to spread knowledge and information to a sizable audience.

 What are the steps of micro-teaching with the help of an example?

The steps of micro-teaching typically involve:

  1. Planning: Identifying specific teaching skills and objectives.
  2. Teaching: Delivering a short lesson to a small group of students.
  3. Feedback: Receiving feedback from peers or mentors.
  4. Reflection: Reflecting on the teaching experience and making improvements.

    For example, a teacher may plan a micro-teaching session to teach students about basic addition. They would then deliver the lesson to a small group, receive feedback on their teaching techniques, and reflect on the experience to enhance their instructional skills.

What are the 5 micro-teaching skills?

   The five commonly recognized micro-teaching skills are:

  1. Lesson planning: Effectively planning the structure and content of a lesson.
  2. Classroom management: Managing student behavior and creating a conducive learning environment.
  3. Questioning techniques: Asking thought-provoking questions to engage students and assess their understanding.
  4. Instructional delivery: Presenting information clearly and engagingly to facilitate student learning.
  5. Assessment and feedback: Assessing student performance and providing constructive feedback to support their learning.

What is microteaching? Explain in detail.

   Microteaching is a teaching technique where educators practice their teaching skills in a small-scale and controlled environment. It involves delivering short lessons to a small group of students, focusing on specific teaching skills and receiving feedback for improvement. The goal of microteaching is to refine instructional techniques, experiment with different teaching methods, and enhance overall teaching effectiveness. It provides a safe and supportive setting for teachers to develop and modify their teaching skills.

 What are the examples of micro or macro?

   Examples of micro teaching include conducting a small group discussion, demonstrating a specific skill or technique, or providing individualized instruction to a student. Examples of macr o teaching include delivering a lecture to a large class, facilitating a whole-class discussion, or leading a group activity involving the entire class.

What are the examples of micro vs. macro?

   Micro and macro teaching examples can be distinguished based on the scale and context of instruction. Examples of micro teaching include one-on-one tutoring, peer teaching, or conducting a small group activity. Examples of macro teaching include delivering lectures, leading whole-class discussions, or facilitating large group activities.

 How do you write microteaching?

   When writing a microteaching plan, consider the following steps:

  1. Define specific teaching skills and objectives.
  2. Select a topic or content to be taught in a short duration.
  3. Plan the structure of the lesson, including an introduction, main activities, and conclusion.
  4. Determine the instructional strategies, materials, and resources to be used.
  5. Consider how to engage students and assess their understanding during the lesson.
  6. Prepare any necessary handouts, visuals, or props.
  7. Practice the delivery of the lesson in a small-scale setting.
  8. Reflect on the experience and make adjustments for improvement.

What activities should be in microteaching?

   Activities in microteaching should align with the specific teaching skills and objectives being practiced. They can include interactive discussions, small group activities, role-playing, using multimedia resources, conducting demonstrations, or facilitating hands-on experiments. The activities should engage students and provide opportunities for them to actively participate and apply their teaching skills in a controlled and supportive environment. It allows them to receive feedback from peers, mentors, or supervisors, which helps in identifying areas for improvement and enhancing their teaching techniques.

Who is the father of micro-teaching?

The concept of microteaching was developed by Dr. Dwight W. Allen in the late 1960s. He is often regarded as the father of microteaching. Dr. Allen, an American educator and psychologist, introduced microteaching as a technique for teacher training and professional development.

Why is it called Microteaching?

Microteaching is called so because it involves breaking down the teaching process into small, manageable units or “micro” lessons. These micro lessons typically last for a short duration, ranging from 5 to 20 minutes, allowing teachers to focus on specific instructional skills or strategies. The term “microteaching” emphasizes the idea of learning through miniaturized teaching experiences.

What are the characteristics of micro-teaching?

The characteristics of microteaching include:

  1. Focus on specific skills: Microteaching aims to develop and improve specific teaching skills, such as lesson planning, questioning techniques, classroom management, and instructional delivery.
  1. Small group setting: Microteaching sessions usually involve a small group of students or peers who act as learners during the mini-lessons. This allows for focused practice and feedback.
  1. Time-limited lessons: Micro lessons are typically short in duration, allowing teachers to concentrate on a particular skill or aspect of teaching.
  1. Controlled environment: Microteaching provides a controlled and supportive environment for teachers to practice and experiment with different teaching techniques.
  1. Feedback and reflection: Immediate feedback and reflection are integral to microteaching. Teachers receive constructive feedback from observers or peers, helping them identify strengths and areas for improvement.

What are the objectives of Microteaching?

The objectives of microteaching are:

  1. Skill development: Microteaching aims to enhance specific teaching skills, such as instructional strategies, classroom management, communication, and assessment techniques.
  1. Reflection and self-assessment: Microteaching encourages teachers to reflect on their instructional practices, identify strengths and weaknesses, and develop strategies for improvement.
  1. Building confidence: By providing a supportive environment, microteaching helps teachers gain confidence in their teaching abilities and experiment with different approaches.
  1. Objective assessment: Microteaching allows for objective assessment of teaching skills through structured observation and feedback, enabling teachers to track their progress over time.
  1. Continuous professional development: Microteaching serves as a tool for ongoing professional development, allowing teachers to refine their instructional practices throughout their careers.

What are the benefits of micro-teaching?

The benefits of microteaching include:

  1. Targeted skill development: Microteaching enables teachers to focus on specific teaching skills and refine them through deliberate practice.
  1. Immediate feedback: Teachers receive immediate feedback from observers or peers, helping them identify areas of strength and areas for improvement.
  1. Controlled practice environment: Microteaching provides a safe and controlled environment for teachers to experiment with new teaching strategies and techniques.
  1. Collaborative learning: Teachers can observe and learn from each other’s micro lessons, fostering a culture of collaboration and shared expertise.
  1. Increased confidence: Through repeated practice and constructive feedback, teachers gain confidence in their teaching abilities, leading to improved classroom performance.

Why is microteaching important?

Microteaching is important for several reasons:

  1. Skill development: It allows teachers to develop and enhance specific teaching skills through focused practice and feedback.
  1. Reflective practice: Microteaching encourages teachers to reflect on their instructional practices, identify areas for improvement, and implement changes.
  1. Continuous improvement: By providing opportunities for ongoing practice and feedback, microteaching supports teachers’ continuous professional development.
  1. Classroom impact: The skills and strategies learned through microteaching can have a positive impact on students’ learning experiences in the classroom.

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