Different Types Of Teaching Methods |Lecture Method of Teaching

Teachers are lucky as they have the power to change students’ lives, attitudes, and thinking, the most valuable creation of the Almighty Allah.

This tutorial covers the different types of teaching methods with full Explanation and examples.

Teaching Triangular Process

Teaching is thought of in the modern era as being a triangular or tri-polar process.

The three key domains of focus in this procedure are:

  • Teacher
  • Student
  • Subject matter
Teaching Triangular Process

In actuality, the three have a deep bond with one another. A unifying factor is teaching.

Three participants are required for instruction to take place. In all three cases, the teacher plays a more active role in generating relationships and maintaining productive relationships.

On the one side, the teacher must comprehend his students, and on the other, he or she must be well-versed in the material being taught.

The connection between the subject and the student suggests another element of teaching.

Meaning Of Teaching:

The word “teach” is derived from the Old English word taecan, which itself is derived from the Old Teutonic word taikjan.

A sign or symbol is also connected to the word “teach.”

By using signs or symbols to generate reactions concerning events, people, observations, results, and other things, one can educate by demonstrating something to a student.

In this derivation, the word “teach” refers to the method of teaching.

Meaning of Method:

The Latin word “mode” (which means “way”) is where the term “method” originates.

“To assure a good change in behavior that is beneficial to one’s own development as well as the development of society, teaching is the process of communicating moral values, abilities, and skills by an experienced person to a less experienced person”.

“A method is a comprehensive plan or a means of doing something that is based on the chosen method and does not in any way compete with it”.

Varies depending on the circumstance utilizing a teaching approach.

In this way, the idea of a method of teaching may be understood. A teaching method is essentially like a tool, much like the variety of tools a painter uses to create his paintings.

Similar to how students are taught, the teacher has a variety of teaching methods at his command.

Secondly, you should be mindful that each method has both advantages and disadvantages, but most of them offer advantages.

Depending on the student’s needs, the teacher’s skills, the student’s age, and the class, they may choose one or several teaching methods.

After understanding what “method” and “teach” mean in the context of teaching methodology, we will now discuss teaching methodology.

Different Types of Teaching Methods

Four groups of teaching methods can be distinguished:

Different Types of Teaching Methods

Lecture Method of Teaching

Old Chinese Saying I hear, and I forget; I see, and I remember; I do, and I understand.

The word lecture is derived from the Latin word ‘lectare’ which means to read aloud. A lecture is a type of educational activity that a teacher delivers in a classroom.

This is a traditional approach to teaching that is widely seen as being effective.

Secondly, this approach is widely used in European countries, and what makes it unique is that Socrates himself used it.

This lecture method involves the teacher talking while the students listen and take notes. Moreover, it benefits larger groups. Although this approach is not targeted at children, it keeps lecturers busy and engaged and is more popular in colleges and universities.

“A lecture is an oral presentation that is designed (prepared) to inform or teach listeners about a specific topic”.

“The lecture method of teaching includes content presentation, doubt-clearing, and the explanation of facts, principles, and connections”.

The principles of teaching are not fulfilled by this method. There is no problem-solving, and the students are passive.

A lecture should last 40 minutes according to international standards, but most lecturers end up going twice that long, which causes chronic, boredom, and anxiety.

Objectives of Lecture Method

  • To encourage movement toward a goal.
  • To make a topic, lesson, or issue clearer.
  • To review what you’ve already learned.
  • To increase the content and knowledge.

The lecture is another expositional technique.

In Simple Wording:

“The lecture is a formal presentation of a teacher’s properly prepared explanatory talk on a certain subject or issue”.

Teaching Tools Enhance

Advantages of Lecture Method

Minimum Teaching Resources:

The lecture method also has the benefit of being highly useful in producing good outcomes in the face of very limited resources, such as a shortage of teachers and a variety of advanced teaching tools.


Saves time and Covers the syllabus in a short period of time.

Immediately changing something:

Using this method, a teacher can quickly and simply fix any mistakes they make in any subject.

As an example, a math teacher who solves a problem corrects any errors made immediately.

Psychology interference:

It need not follow the structure of a textbook; rather, it might be based on the principles of psychology and education.

The lecture method is easier to adopt:

If a teacher adopts the lecture method, he does so on the basis that it is easier. And you have to go to the classroom and start the lecture and there is no hard and fast rule in it.

Easy to adopt:

The lecture method is chosen by a teacher because it is simpler.

There is no absolute requirement in it, but you must come to the classroom and begin the lecture.

Direct Communication:

It provides a personal touch and connection to attract or influence the students.


In terms of student time, it is cost-effective.

Information Exchange: 

The amount of knowledge that may be covered in a 40-minute talk is impressive.

Disadvantages of Lecture Method

Unidirectional communication

As you may have realized by now, the lecture approach is a one-way communication technique. As a result, the student has no active participation or ability for creative activity; they simply listen in silence.

Lack of qualified and experienced educators:

And it also has a disadvantage that teachers are not properly trained, so there is a huge shortage of trained teachers, and due to lack of training, teachers do not develop skills.

The rapidity of delivery:

Due to time constraints, the teacher could talk quickly, leaving the students with a confused understanding.

An uninteresting lecture:

The students often find lectures to be boring because few lecturers are able to hold their attention until the very end.

Less Learning:

Although the teacher may cover more topics, fewer learners learn.

Long lecture duration:

A 40-minute lecture could be too long for the average student to focus on.

Guidelines for a successful lecture:

  • Choose the particular topics.
  • In order to learn more, do some research.
  • Develop a lesson plan.
  • Getting the students’ attention before starting.
  • Both at the beginning and the end, list the most important points.
  • Ask the pupils any questions from time to time.
  • Speak clearly and loudly, adjusting the volume of your voice to match your body language and facial expression.
  • Maintain appropriate eye contact with the crowd.
  • If a problem or topic that is not part of the lesson plan comes up, don’t be scared to ignore it.

Summary of Lecture Method of teaching

The lecture method is next to the discussion. Usually, it is a one-way and teacher-centered activity but it saves time and resources. Pupils remain passive and, especially, average students find it difficult and may not be able to take notes properly. However, following the guidelines, it may be used in a better way.

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